CCC is short for China Compulsory Certification scheme which requires manufacturers to obtain approval for their products before they can be legally marketed in China. CCC was implemented on May 1, 2002 and became fully effective on August 1, 2003. CCC contains safety and EMC parts for most electrical products and only safety for most automotive parts.
The CCC mark is required for both Chinese manufactured and foreign imported products. There are 20 product types in the current CCC category including:
CCC mark can only be issued by certification bodies that have been approved by the CNCA (Certification and Accreditation Administration) which is the top level certification organization in China. CNCA is responsible for determining what products fall into the CCC category, accrediting certification bodies, accrediting test labs, and market surveillance and management for existing certified products.
Certification bodies are responsible for CCC certification application, report review, factory inspection and CCC certificate maintenance. Currently there are several certification bodies such as CQC, ISCCC, CESI, CCAP, CCCF, CVC, etc. Each certification body has a scope of accreditation from CNCA, which dictates the product category types they can test and approve. The following is a brief list of certification bodies, and the product categories they are accredited for:
CNCA is adjusting the certification bodies regularly so more certification bodies may be added.
General CCC certification process include type testing, factory inspection and follow up inspection. Type testing can be conducted by CNCA accredited test labs in China. All the test labs located in China can apply to become the CCC lab but need to meet the CNCA requirements.
Factory inspection is required for CCC certification to ensure the product consistency and quality control management level. Factory inspections are carried out by the certification body. The certification process usually takes between 4–8 weeks without initial factory inspection.
Products outside of the CCC category can apply for voluntary marks like CQC, ISCCC, CESI, etc. The voluntary marks help manufacturers get products cleared through China customs, and help to build good brand reputation in the China market.
For Information security products being sold to government bodies, there is a special certification for China local manufacturers, or foreign manufacturers with R&D and a factory located in China. Information security products being sold exclusively to private parties in China do not require this type of certification.
There are 13 categories of the Information security products